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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Ethoxyquin-induced resistance to aflatoxin B1 in the rat is associated with the expression of a novel alpha-class glutathione S-transferase subunit, Yc2, which possesses high catalytic activity for aflatoxin B1-8,9-epoxide.

A purification scheme has been devised for two ethoxyquin-inducible Alpha-class glutathione S-transferases (GSTs) which possess at least 25-fold greater activity towards aflatoxin B1 (AFB1)-8,9-epoxide than that exhibited by the GSTs (i.e. F, L, B and AA) that have been described previously. These two enzymes are both heterodimers and both contain a subunit of Mr 25,800. This subunit has been isolated from both of the GST isoenzymes and, after cleavage with CNBr, it has been subjected to automated amino acid sequencing. The primary structure of the Mr 25,800 subunit revealed that it forms part of a subfamily of Alpha-class GSTs which possess closest identity (about 92%) with the Yc subunit of apparent Mr 27,500, which is encoded by the recombinant cDNA clone pGTB42 [Telakowski-Hopkins, Rodkey, Bennett, Lu & Pickett (1985) J. Biol. Chem. 260, 5820-5825]. As these two GSTs possess less than 70% sequence identity with the Ya1 and Ya2 subunits, both of Mr 25,500, the constitutively expressed Yc subunit of Mr 27,500 has been renamed Yc1 and the ethoxyquin-inducible GST of Mr 25,800 has been designated Yc2. Using this nomenclature, the two GSTs with high activity for AFB1-8,9-epoxide are Ya1Yc2 and Yc1Yc2. Although evidence suggests that induction of Yc2 is responsible for the high detoxification capacity of livers from ethoxyquin-treated rats for AFB1-8,9-epoxide, resistance towards AFB1 may be multifactorial in this instance as dietary ethoxyquin also induces the Ya1, Ya2 and Yc1 subunits about 2.2-, 10.9- and 2.7-fold respectively. Besides the induction of GST by ethoxyquin, activity towards AFB1-8,9-epoxide is also elevated in the livers of neonatal rats and in livers that contain preneoplastic nodules. Western blotting experiments show that Yc2 is not present in hepatic cytosol from adult rats fed on normal diets but is expressed in neonatal rat livers and in the livers of adult rats that contain preneoplastic nodules that have arisen as a consequence of consuming diets contaminated with AFB1.[1]


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