The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Oxidative defluorination of 1,1,1,2-tetrafluoroethane by rat liver microsomes.

1,1,1,2-Tetrafluoroethane (R-134a) is a non-ozone-depleting alternative to dichlorodifluoromethane for use as an air-conditioning refrigerant and as a propellant in anti-asthmatic and other pharmaceutical preparations. Hepatic microsomes, supplemented with NADPH, catalyzed the release of F- from R-134a; metabolite production was positively correlated with both duration of incubation and gas phase [R-134a]. Defluorination of R-134a was inhibited by CO, lack of NADPH, or heat denaturation of microsomes. Release of F- from R- 134a biotransformation as shown by the near-total lack of dehalogenation during anaerobic incubations. R-134a did not produce a difference spectrum (360 to 500 nm) with either oxidized or dithionite-reduced microsomes. Microsomes from phenobarbital- or Aroclor 1254-treated rats produced greater amounts of F- per mg protein from high concentrations of R-134a than did microsomes from untreated rats, but when normalized for microsomal cytochrome P-450 content both phenobarbital and Aroclor treatment decreased the specific activity (nmol F-/nmol cytochrome P-450) of R-134a metabolism. Furthermore, while defluorination of R-134a by microsomes from livers of untreated rats was substrate-saturable (Vmax, 11 nmol of F-/nmol cytochrome P-450/15 min; KM, 8% R-134a), R-134a dehalogenation by microsomes from Aroclor-treated rats was nonsaturable with [R-134a] as high as 69%. Microsomes from phenobarbital-treated rats retained the saturable, low KM activity, but also exhibited the apparently nonsaturable kinetic component when [R-134a] was greater than 24%.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)[1]


  1. Oxidative defluorination of 1,1,1,2-tetrafluoroethane by rat liver microsomes. Olson, M.J., Reidy, C.A., Johnson, J.T., Pederson, T.C. Drug Metab. Dispos. (1990) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities