The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Monoclonal antibody-directed characterization of cytochrome P450 isozymes responsible for toluene metabolism in rat liver.

Monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) were used to study the contribution of cytochromes P450IA1/IA2, P450IIB1/IIB2, P450IIC11/IIC6 and P450IIE1 to toluene side-chain (benzyl alcohol, BA, formation) and ring (o- and p-cresol formation) oxidation in liver microsomes from fed, one-day fasted, and phenobarbital (PB)-, 3-methylcholanthrene (MC)- and ethanol-treated rats. All rats were fed synthetic liquid diets. MAb 1-7-1 against P450IA1/IA2 inhibited markedly o-cresol formation and slightly p-cresol formation but not BA formation only in microsomes from MC-treated rats. MAbs 2-66-3, 4-7-1 and 4-29-5 against P450IIB1/IIB2 strongly inhibited BA, o-cresol and p-cresol formation only in PB-induced microsomes. MAb 1-68-11 against P450IIC11/IIC6 inhibited BA formation at high toluene concentration in the following order: fed greater than fasted greater than ethanol = MC greater than PB, and ethanol greater than or equal to fed = fasted greater than MC greater than PB on the basis of the percentage and net amount inhibition, respectively. MAb 1-91-3 against P450IIE1 inhibited BA formation at low toluene concentration, but not at high concentration, in the following order: ethanol greater than fasted = fed greater than MC, and ethanol greater than fasted greater than fed greater than MC on the basis of percentage and net inhibition, respectively. MAbs 1-68-11 and 1-91-3 also inhibited p-cresol formation at high and low toluene concentrations, respectively. These results indicate that (i) both P450IIE1 and P450IIC11/IIC6 are constitutive isozymes mainly responsible for the formation of BA and p-cresol from toluene as low- and high-Km isozymes, respectively; (ii) P450IIE1, but not P450IIC11/IIC6, is induced by one-day fasting and ethanol treatment; (iii) both P450IIE1 and P450IIC11/IIC6 are decreased by PB and MC treatments; (iv) P450IIE1 is inhibited by high concentration of toluene; (v) P450IIB1/IIB2 can contribute to the formation of BA, o- and p-cresol from toluene, while P450IAI/IA2 preferentially contributes to the formation of o-cresol.[1]


  1. Monoclonal antibody-directed characterization of cytochrome P450 isozymes responsible for toluene metabolism in rat liver. Nakajima, T., Wang, R.S., Elovaara, E., Park, S.S., Gelboin, H.V., Hietanen, E., Vainio, H. Biochem. Pharmacol. (1991) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities