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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Phase I bioavailability and pharmacokinetic study of hexamethylene bisacetamide (NSC 95580) administered via nasogastric tube.

A Phase I clinical trial and pharmacological study of nasogastrically administered hexamethylene bisacetamide, a polar-planar compound with in vitro differentiating activity, was conducted in 14 adult patients with refractory cancer. Hexamethylene bisacetamide was administered as a 5% (w/v) solution via a nasogastric or gastrostomy tube every 4 h for 5 days, followed in 21 days by a 5-day continuous i.v. infusion at the same daily dose. Parenteral drug administration was then continued at the same interval in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Three patients each were treated at doses of 12 and 24 g/m2/day, while eight patients received a dose of 30 g/m2/day. Toxicity was comparable for both routes of drug administration at the above doses. Nasogastrically administered hexamethylene bisacetamide was well tolerated at the lower doses, whereas neurotoxicity and nausea and vomiting were the major, but manageable, toxicities at 30 g/m2/day. Metabolic acidosis, renal dysfunction, mucositis, and thrombocytopenia were the other commonly observed drug toxicities at this dose. No objective tumor responses were observed. Hexamethylene bisacetamide was rapidly absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract with a mean measured bioavailability of 99 +/- 15%. Pharmacokinetic parameters for hexamethylene bisacetamide and plasma concentrations of the two major metabolites, N-acetyl-1,6-diaminohexane and 6-acetamidohexanoic acid, were similar for either route of administration in individual patients. Hexamethylene bisacetamide exhibited apparent monoexponential plasma elimination after either nasogastric or parenteral administration with 27 to 60% of the administered dose being excreted in the urine as parent compound. Based on its demonstrated complete bioavailability and tolerability, nasogastric administration of hexamethylene bisacetamide can be directly and safely substituted for the comparable i.v. dose.[1]


  1. Phase I bioavailability and pharmacokinetic study of hexamethylene bisacetamide (NSC 95580) administered via nasogastric tube. Ward, F.T., Kelley, J.A., Roth, J.S., Lombardo, F.A., Weiss, R.B., Leyland-Jones, B., Chun, H.G. Cancer Res. (1991) [Pubmed]
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