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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

On the mechanism of antiinflammation induced by tumor transplantation, surgery, and irritant injection.

Tumor transplantation, major surgery, and injection of nonspecific irritants elicit inflammation locally while suppressing inflammation induced subsequently and at distant sites. Such systemic antiinflammation in rodents occurs via corticosterone-independent and -dependent pathways. Based upon hormone measurements and the response to adrenalectomy, antiinflammation induced by irritants and certain surgical procedures is corticosterone independent while that which follows tumor transplantation is corticosterone dependent. However, injection of tumorous ascites stimulates both pathways since it contains two antiinflammatory factors: Factor A (molecular weight less than 2,000) does not alter hormone balance while Factor B (molecular weight 30,000-100,000) increases corticosterone levels and is corticosterone dependent. Desensitization of systemic antiinflammation develops rapidly regardless of whether it is corticosterone dependent (Factor B) or independent (Factor A or irritants). However, tumor transplantation resists desensitization possibly by inducing an immune response since lymphocytic mitogens prevent development of and break established desensitization. Nevertheless, abolition of tumor-induced antiinflammation follows injection of tumorous ascites by a mechanism that involves Factor B suppression of the corticosterone response to the tumor while Factor A apparently raises the threshold at which physiological increases in corticosterone inhibit leukocyte emigration. We conclude that systemic antiinflammation is a general consequence of a localized inflammatory reaction and that desensitization of such antiinflammation develops rapidly. Recent evidence indicates that certain mediators of inflammation are proinflammatory when administered intradermally but antiinflammatory when given intravenously. Thus, systemic antiinflammation may arise when chemical mediators of inflammation generated by a local reaction gain access to the circulation.[1]


  1. On the mechanism of antiinflammation induced by tumor transplantation, surgery, and irritant injection. Normann, S., Besedovsky, H., Schardt, M., del Rey, A. J. Leukoc. Biol. (1991) [Pubmed]
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