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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Behavioural effects of serotonin agonists and antagonists in the rat and marmoset.

The present study was conducted to investigate the effects of various 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) agonists and antagonists on motor behaviour in rats and marmosets. Various motor-based responses were assessed after central or peripheral administration of 5-HT agents to rats and marmosets. Drugs acting as agonists at the 5-HT1A receptor (8-OHDPAT, gepirone, BMY-7378, NAN-190, PAPP (LY165163) and flesinoxan) and 5-HT2/1C receptors (DOI) were found to reverse neuroleptic-induced catalepsy in the rat whereas 5-HT2/1C antagonists (mianserin, ritanserin and ICI-170,809) and the 5-HT1 antagonist ((+/-)pindolol) increased catalepsy. Agonists acting at 5-HT3 receptors (phenylbiguanide and 2-methyl-5-HT) had no effect on catalepsy. The putative 5-HT1A antagonist, (+/-) pindolol, attenuated the reversal of catalepsy by 8-OHDPAT. Although both 8-OHDPAT and BMY-7378 were tested, only the latter was found to reduce apomorphine-induced stereotypy. Bilateral or unilateral infusions of 8-OHDPAT, BMY-7378 or pindolol into the substantia nigra of non-lesioned rats had no effect on spontaneous locomotor or rotational activity, respectively. However, 8-OHDPAT and BMY-7378 were found to increase or decrease motor activity, after injection into the median or dorsal raphe nuclei, respectively. Finally, 8-OHDPAT and BMY-7378 were found to be inactive against MPTP-induced bradykinesia in the marmoset. It is concluded that both 5-HT1A and 5-HT2/1C receptors are involved in the anti-cataleptic effects of 5-HT agents. The 5-HT1A receptors are probably situated within the raphe, whereas the location of the 5-HT2/1C receptors remains undetermined.[1]


  1. Behavioural effects of serotonin agonists and antagonists in the rat and marmoset. Elliott, P.J., Walsh, D.M., Close, S.P., Higgins, G.A., Hayes, A.G. Neuropharmacology (1990) [Pubmed]
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