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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Augmentation of the sterilizing effect of neonatal androgenization with tropolone, a catechol-O-methyltransferase inhibitor, in female rats.

The influence of tropolone, a catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) inhibitor, on the sterilizing effect of neonatal testosterone propionate (TP) has been studied in Wistar female rats. Tropolone-induced changes in COMT activity and noradrenaline (NA) and dopamine (DA) contents in the hypothalamus have been evaluated. Inhibition of COMT activity was maximal 3 h after a single injection of 0.6 mg tropolone on postnatal day 5. An increase in DA level was observed 6 h after drug injection, whereas the NA content was elevated 24 h after tropolone administration. A sexual dimorphism in hypothalamic NA content in rats was found on postnatal day 10: it was higher in males than in females. The rise of catecholamines in the hypothalamus of 10-day-old female rats induced by COMT inhibition with tropolone (0.3 mg on postnatal days 5 and 7) was unable to masculinize developing neuroendocrine regions responsible for sexual cyclicity. At the same time, combined administration of tropolone (0.1 mg daily on postnatal days 4-10) and TP (0.025 mg on day 4) enhanced the sterilizing effect of the androgen. An anovulatory sterility appeared in all experimental animals. It is suggested that a cooperative interaction occurs between catecholamines and sex steroids as determinants of brain sexual differentiation.[1]


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