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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Characterization of the human platelet glycoprotein IIIa gene. Comparison with the fibronectin receptor beta-subunit gene.

This study was designed to determine the structure of the gene for glycoprotein (GP) GPIIIa, the beta-subunit of the platelet membrane GPIIb-IIIa complex. The complexity of the gene was determined after Southern analysis of human chromosomal DNA. Overlapping genomic clones were isolated from cosmid and phage lambda libraries that contained the entire coding unit of the human gene for the mature GPIIIa protein. The genomic clones spanned approximately 60 kilobase pairs of human DNA sequence. The exon containing segments of the clones was mapped and the exons, including the exonintron junctions, were sequenced. The GPIIIa protein is divided into 14 exons ranging in size from 87 to 430 nucleotides separated by introns, which were 0.3 to 9 kilobase pairs in size. The 3' exon was larger than 1700 nucleotides and contained the 3'-untranslated region. Several structural domains of the GPIIIa protein were contained within individual exons. These included (i) the transmembrane spanning segment, (ii) the cytoplasmic region containing the potential phosphorylation sites, and (iii) the six domains in the NH2-terminal half of GPIIIa that are highly conserved between two other integrin beta-subunits. In contrast, other domains such as the four cysteine-rich repeats were interrupted by introns. Genomic clones for the beta-subunit of the fibronectin receptor (beta 1) were also isolated, partially mapped, and sequenced. Of the eight splice sites identified in beta 1, six occurred at the same amino acid residue in GPIIIa. These results provide genetic evidence that GPIIIa and beta 1 have a common evolutionary origin within the integrin family.[1]


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