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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Aminooxy analogues of spermidine as inhibitors of spermine synthase and substrates of hepatic polyamine acetylating activity.

Aminooxy analogues of spermidine, 1-aminooxy-3-N-[3-aminopropyl]- aminopropane (AP-APA) and N-[2-aminooxyethyl]-1,4-diaminobutane (AOE-PU), were tested as substrates or inhibitors of the enzymes involved in methionine and polyamine metabolism. Both compounds were good competitive inhibitors and poor substrates of spermine synthase, good substrates of cytosolic polyamine acetyltransferase, inactivators of S-adenosylmethionine decarboxylase and inhibitors of ornithine decarboxylase. AP-APA and AOE-PU showed K1-values of 1.5 and 186 microM as inhibitors of purified spermine synthase, and Km-values of 1.4 and 2.1 mM as substrates of the crude hepatic polyamine acetyltransferase activity. AP-APA was more potent than AOE-PU in crude enzyme preparations. Neither drug had any significant effect at 1 mM concentration on the activities of spermidine synthase, methionine adenosyltransferase, S-adenosylhomocysteine hydrolase, and methylthioadenosine phosphorylase. The results suggest that compounds of this type are valuable tools in unraveling the physiology of polyamines.[1]


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