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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Production of choriogonadotropin-like factor by a microorganism.

Extracts from an acetone powder preparation of a culture of a microorganism tentatively named Progenitor cryptocides contain choriogonadotropin (CG)-like factor as determined by radioimmunoassay with antiserum to human (h)CG beta subunit COOH-terminal peptide and radioreceptor assay with bovine corpus luteum membranes. Possible interference by proteases in the extracts was excluded. Immunoreactive materials reacting with antisera to hCG beta subunit and hCG beta subunit COOH-terminal peptide were also found in the extracts. No free alpha subunit was detected. The CG-like factor was purified by chromatography on Sephadex G-100, concanavalin A-Sepharose, and DEAE-Sephadex A-50. The factor was adsorbed by concanavalin A-Sepharose, suggesting that it contains mannose and glucose moieties. The factor was eluted at the same position as standard hCG on Sephadex G-100. It dissociated into two bands when subjected to sodium dodecyl sulfate/polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis; the bands corresponded to the respective standard hCG subunits. The biological activity of the purified factor as determined by the rat uterine weight assay and the ovarian weight assay was equivalent to 380 (95% confidence limits: 320-490) and 880 (780-1020) international units/mg, respectively. It can be concluded from the present results that a microorganism produces a glycoprotein that is biologically active and has physicochemical properties similar to those of hCG.[1]


  1. Production of choriogonadotropin-like factor by a microorganism. Maruo, T., Cohen, H., Segal, S.J., Koide, S.S. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1979) [Pubmed]
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