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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Inhibition of microbial cholesterol oxidases by dimethylmorpholines.

Cholesterol oxidase is a potentially important enzyme in steroid transformations, catalysing the conversion of 3-hydroxy-5-ene steroids to 3-keto-4-ene derivatives via a 3-keto-5-ene intermediate. Morpholine derivatives, especially fenpropimorph and tridemorph, were found to block selectively the isomerisation activity of cholesterol oxidases isolated from Nocardia erythropolis, Streptomyces sp., Pseudomonas testosteroni and Schizophyllum commune. These enzymes differ strongly in physical characteristics and catalytic behaviour. The effectiveness of the inhibitors varied with the cholesterol oxidase tested. Fenpropimorph was most effective with each of the 4 enzymes, 50 mg/l inhibiting about 50% of the enzyme activity. Inhibition was instantaneous and followed a reversible competitive mechanism in Streptomyces sp. and a reversible non-competitive mechanism in Nocardia erythropolis and Schizophyllum commune. An irreversible type of inhibition was observed for P. testosteroni cholesterol oxidase.[1]


  1. Inhibition of microbial cholesterol oxidases by dimethylmorpholines. Hesselink, P.G., Kerkenaar, A., Witholt, B. J. Steroid Biochem. (1990) [Pubmed]
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