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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

The relationship between rat major acute phase protein and the kininogens.

The rat major acute phase protein (alpha 1-MAP) is a cysteine protease inhibitor. The stoichiometry of the interaction between the inhibitor and enzyme was shown to be 1:2. A cDNA clone specific for rat alpha 1-MAP was isolated from a cDNA library prepared from an inflamed rat liver RNA template. The 1458-base pair insert was sequenced and positively identified by alignment with a partial amino acid sequence obtained by radiosequence analysis of the primary translation product for alpha 1-MAP. Complete sequence analysis determined the alpha 1-MAP cDNA coded for the entire protein with the exception of the first four amino acids of the signal peptide, all of which were identified by radiosequencing. The coding sequence spans 1282 nucleotides, followed by 115 base pairs of a 3' untranslated region. Two putative active sites, suggested by the enzyme-inhibitor ratio, have been identified by analysis of internal duplications of the alpha 1-MAP sequence and the alignment of these regions with the sequences of several low molecular weight cysteine protease inhibitors. A computer homology analysis of the protein sequence revealed a 59.3% overall identity between rat alpha 1-MAP and bovine low molecular weight (LMW) kininogen. The homology included the signal peptide regions. LMW kininogen is a precursor of bradykinin. alpha 1-MAP does contain a bradykinin sequence; the flanking amino acids are different, however. Evidence for the expression of the LMW and a high molecular weight kininogen from the same gene, and the high degree of homology between these proteins and the rat acute phase protein suggest that all three proteins belong to a precisely regulated gene family.[1]


  1. The relationship between rat major acute phase protein and the kininogens. Anderson, K.P., Heath, E.C. J. Biol. Chem. (1985) [Pubmed]
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