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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Response of rat small intestinal active aldohexose transport to elevation of mucosal cyclic AMP by forskolin and 3-isobutyl-1-methylxanthine in vitro.

The phosphodiesterase-inhibitor 3-isobutyl-1-methylxanthine (IBMX) was able to elevate rat small intestinal cyclic AMP levels to 300% of basal values. Active jejunal D-glucose transport was enhanced parallel to the rise of intracellular cyclic AMP levels to 140% of control values at 100 mumol/l IBMX. Transport parameters, as determined in a three compartment model in vitro using a dual label method, indicate increased 'uphill' glucose transport at the site of the brush border membrane, higher intracellular accumulation of the sugar, with unchanged passive permeabilities. Phlorizin-inhibited D-glucose transport and L-glucose transfer in the rat were not affected by the persisting cyclic AMP elevation produced by IBMX. Stimulating effects could also be demonstrated with D-galactose as a substrate. IBMX 100 mumol/l also increased active D-glucose as well as 3-O-methylglucose transport in mouse jejunum. Stimulatory effects on intestinal hexose transport and mucosal cyclic AMP levels were also found with the adenylate-cyclase activator forskolin. In the present study, forskolin effects on jejunal mucosal cyclic AMP levels were enhanced in the presence of 100 mumol/l IBMX, resulting in a 20-fold increase compared to controls at 20 mumol/l forskolin. The concentration response for the effect of forskolin in the presence of 100 mumol/l IBMX on D-glucose transport did not produce a significant increase compared to transport stimulation with IBMX alone. At higher concentrations of forskolin however, glucose transport decreased to levels well below the IBMX controls. The elevation of cellular cyclic AMP levels had no effects on passive permeability.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)[1]


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