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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Maleyl-BSA and fucoidan induce expression of a set of early proteins in murine mononuclear phagocytes.

We examined the effect of maleyl-BSA on specific protein expression in murine peritoneal macrophages by radiolabeling treated macrophages with [35S]methionine followed by SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. Such treatment induces the expression of a set of at least seven proteins (38, 42, 57, 65, 75, 80, and 85 kD). A similar set of proteins is also induced by treatment of macrophages with the algal polysaccharide fucoidan. The proteins resemble those induced in response to treatment of this same cell population with bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS), as judged by co-migration in both one- and two-dimensional electrophoresis. Two proteins induced by either LPS or maleyl-BSA (e.g., p57 and p85) show similar primary structure, as assessed by partial proteolytic peptide mapping confirming their identity. The induction of these proteins by maleyl-BSA is a transient phenomenon, being expressed as early as 1 hr after treatment and declining after 8 hr even in the continuous presence of the stimulus. The dose of maleyl-BSA required to induce the response varies to some extent with the protein in question, but agrees with the Kd for ligand-receptor binding. Chloroquine, which blocks the degradation of ligand, does not inhibit the induction of early protein synthesis. Whereas the induction of these proteins is blocked by inhibition of RNA synthesis with actinomycin D, the reversible inhibition of protein synthesis with cycloheximide during the induction phase does not prevent their expression. LPS, maleyl-BSA, and fucoidan previously have been shown to stimulate protease secretion and tumoricidal function in appropriately primed macrophages. The present findings now demonstrate that all three agents can also mediate the expression of early genes which may participate in the acquisition of functional competence.[1]


  1. Maleyl-BSA and fucoidan induce expression of a set of early proteins in murine mononuclear phagocytes. Johnston, P.A., Jansen, M.M., Somers, S.D., Adams, D.O., Hamilton, T.A. J. Immunol. (1987) [Pubmed]
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