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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Regional distribution of beta-adrenoceptors in the human heart: coexistence of functional beta 1- and beta 2-adrenoceptors in both atria and ventricles in severe congestive cardiomyopathy.

We evaluated the amount of beta 1- and beta 2-adrenoceptors in human right and left atrium as well as in right and left ventricular wall obtained from heart transplant recipients who suffered from end-stage congestive cardiomyopathy. The total number of myocardial beta-adrenoceptors was assessed with the nonsubtype selective beta-adrenoceptor radioligand (-)[125I]iodocyanopindolol (ICYP); concomitantly, the number of beta 1-adrenoceptors was determined with the selective beta 1-adrenoceptor radioligand (-)[3H]bisoprolol. The number of beta 2-adrenoceptors was calculated by subtracting (-)[3H]bisoprolol binding sites from ICYP binding sites. With this technique, a beta 1/beta 2-ratio of approximately 65/35% for both atria and of approximately 75/25% for both ventricles was found. Identical results were obtained when the beta 1/beta 2-ratio was calculated indirectly by nonlinear regression analysis of competition curves of the selective beta 1-adrenoceptor antagonist bisoprolol and the selective beta 2-adrenoceptor antagonist ICI 118,551 with ICYP binding. In addition, on atria and on ventricles, adenylate cyclase was activated by norepinephrine (presumably by beta 1- and beta 2-adrenoceptor stimulation) and by procaterol (by beta 2-adrenoceptor stimulation). It is concluded that in the human heart functional beta 1- and beta 2-adrenoceptors coexist on both atria and both ventricles. In end-stage congestive cardiomyopathy, there appears to be a selective down-regulation of cardiac beta 1-adrenoceptors, whereas beta 2-adrenoceptors are obviously not affected. This may explain the beneficial effects of beta 2-adrenoceptor agonists in severe heart failure.[1]

References

  1. Regional distribution of beta-adrenoceptors in the human heart: coexistence of functional beta 1- and beta 2-adrenoceptors in both atria and ventricles in severe congestive cardiomyopathy. Brodde, O.E., Schüler, S., Kretsch, R., Brinkmann, M., Borst, H.G., Hetzer, R., Reidemeister, J.C., Warnecke, H., Zerkowski, H.R. J. Cardiovasc. Pharmacol. (1986) [Pubmed]
 
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