The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

D-xylulose-induced depletion of ATP and Pi in isolated rat hepatocytes.

Xylitol is known to cause hepatic ATP catabolism by inducing the trapping of Pi in the form of glycerol 3-P as a consequence of an increase in the NADH:NAD+ ratio, resulting from the oxidation of xylitol to D-xylulose. The question was therefore raised whether D-xylulose also depletes hepatic ATP. In isolated rat hepatocytes, 5 mM D-xylulose decreased ATP by 80% within 5 min compared to 40% with 5 mM xylitol. Intracellular Pi decreased by 70% within the same time interval with both compounds, but was restored three-fold faster with D-xylulose. The rate of utilization of D-xylulose reached 5 mumol.min-1.g-1 of cells, as compared with 1.5 for xylitol, indicating that reduction of xylitol into D-xylulose is a rate-limiting step in the metabolism of the polyol. D-Xylulose barely modified the concentration of glycerol 3-P but increased xylulose 5-P from 0.02 to 0.5 mumol/g within 5 min. The main cause of the ATP- and Pi-depleting effects of D-xylulose was found to be an accumulation of sedoheptulose 7-P from a basal value of 0.1 to 5 mumol/g of cells after 10 min. Ribose 5-P increased from 0.03 to 0.5 mumol/g at 5 min. Ribose 1-P also accumulated, albeit outside of the cells. This extracellular accumulation can be explained by the release of intracellular purine nucleoside phosphorylase from damaged hepatocytes acting on inosine that had diffused out of the cells. Smaller increases in the concentrations of sedoheptulose 7-P and pentose phosphates were recorded after incubations of the cells with xylitol.[1]


  1. D-xylulose-induced depletion of ATP and Pi in isolated rat hepatocytes. Vincent, M.F., Van den Berghe, G., Hers, H.G. FASEB J. (1989) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities