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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 

Effect of the selective leukotriene B4 antagonist U-75302 on antigen-induced bronchopulmonary eosinophilia in sensitized guinea pigs.

The selective leukotriene B4 (LTB4) antagonist, U-75302, 6-(6-(3-hydroxy-1E,5Z-undecadien-1-yl)-2-pyridinyl)-1,5-hexa nediol) was examined for its ability to inhibit the "late-phase" bronchopulmonary eosinophilia that occurs 6 to 24 h after inhalation of specific antigen in sensitized guinea pigs. Groups of 6 male guinea pigs, sensitized with ovalbumin, were pretreated with U-75302, 1.0, 10.0, or 30.0 mg/kg, or vehicle 1 h before and 7 h after antigen inhalation. Twenty-four hours after antigen provocation, the lungs were lavaged for the enumeration of inflammatory cell populations. Doses of U-75302 (1.0, 10.0 and 30.0 mg/kg) administered orally produced 12.2%, (p greater than 0.05), 43.2% (p less than 0.05), and 61.1% (p less than 0.05) inhibition, respectively, of the antigen-induced influx of eosinophils into the bronchial lumen. Neutrophil populations were not significantly affected by treatment with U-75302. In a separate study, we compared the histopathological changes that occurred following antigen challenge in U-75302-treated or vehicle-treated guinea pigs. Vehicle-treated, sensitized animals exhibited marked changes in the airway at 8 min, 6 h, and 24 h after antigen challenge. U-75302 treatment produced a significant reduction in eosinophil adherence to peribronchial/peribronchiolar capillaries followed by a dramatic and specific reduction of peribronchial eosinophil infiltration (81% reduction at 6 h and 79% reduction at 24 h). Neutrophil migration appeared unaffected. These data implicate LTB4 as a mediator of antigen-induced bronchopulmonary eosinophilia in the guinea pig.[1]

References

  1. Effect of the selective leukotriene B4 antagonist U-75302 on antigen-induced bronchopulmonary eosinophilia in sensitized guinea pigs. Richards, I.M., Griffin, R.L., Oostveen, J.A., Morris, J., Wishka, D.G., Dunn, C.J. Am. Rev. Respir. Dis. (1989) [Pubmed]
 
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