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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Characterization of HTLV-I isolates and T lymphoid cell lines derived from French West Indian patients with tropical spastic paraparesis.

Lymphoid cell lines derived from the peripheral blood of French West Indian patients with HTLV-I sero-positive Tropical Spastic Paraparesis and HTLV-I isolates were characterized. While patients' peripheral blood lymphocytes did not express detectable HTLV-I antigens when uncultured, they did so after short-term culture. Established cell lines were of T-cell lineage: CD2+, CD3+, CD4+, CD7+, WT31+ with activated T-cell markers CD25+, DR+ and a clonal rearrangement of the beta and gamma genes of the T-cell receptor. HTLV-I antigens were detected in cell lines by indirect immunofluorescence, Western blot and radio-immunoprecipitation assays. After 4 months in culture, low levels of Mg2+ dependent reverse transcriptase activity were detected and electron microscopy revealed numerous type-C retroviral particles similar to HTLV-I virions. Western blot and radio-immunoprecipitation analysis of purified viruses revealed gp46, p24, p19 and Pr53gag proteins similar to those detected in HUT 102 and MT2 cell lines. Deep analysis of env-coded precursor of one TSP versus ATL isolates revealed minor differences in their molecular weights. Southern blot analysis using 32P HTLV-I env gene as a probe showed the presence of HTLV-I proviral fragments clonally integrated into the genome of the cell lines. Our data suggest that HTLV-I isolated from Tropical Spastic Paraparesis does not differ significantly from the leukemogenic prototypes. Does HTLV-I induce either acute lymphoproliferative diseases or chronic neuromyelopathies depending upon as yet unknown co-factors? This question remains to be determined.[1]


  1. Characterization of HTLV-I isolates and T lymphoid cell lines derived from French West Indian patients with tropical spastic paraparesis. Gessain, A., Saal, F., Morozov, V., Lasneret, J., Vilette, D., Gout, O., Emanoil-Ravier, R., Sigaux, F., de Thé, G., Périès, J. Int. J. Cancer (1989) [Pubmed]
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