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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Pharmacokinetics of intravenous cefmetazole with emphasis on comparison between predicted theoretical levels in tissue and actual skin window fluid levels.

Cefmetazole is a cephamycin antibiotic which is resistant to hydrolysis by various beta-lactamases. This study evaluated the pharmacokinetics of cefmetazole, including its intravascular and interstitial fluid distribution, by using the skin window (SW) technique. A 2-g dose of cefmetazole was given intravenously over 30 min to each of 12 healthy adult male volunteers every 6 h for nine doses. Plasma levels were assayed at predetermined intervals after doses 1, 5, and 9. Interstitial fluid levels were determined by the SW technique. Antibiotic levels were assayed by the agar well bioassay technique. A concentration-versus-time plot indicates that cefmetazole is rapidly distributed, with mean peak levels in plasma equal to 126 micrograms/ml at the end of the half-hour infusion. The mean plasma half-life was 1.1 h. Plasma and tissue distribution constants permitted calculation of theoretical levels in tissue. Parallel elimination slopes for SW and theoretical tissue level showed that the SW model distribution kinetics are closely related. The area under the curve for the SW was 73.9 mg.h/liter. This was comparable to the theoretical level in tissue, which was 96 mg.h/liter. Furthermore, the area under the curve of theoretical tissue level/plasma was 0.6 and that of SW/plasma was 0.47. These results demonstrate that the SW technique yielded a result quite close to the theoretical tissue level. Ultrafiltration analysis indicated that as cefmetazole levels in plasma increased from 10 to 250 micrograms/ml, plasma protein binding of the antibiotic dropped from 85 to 65%. Finally, 60 to 70% of the drug was recovered from the urine as biologically active drug over 6 h postinfusion.[1]

References

  1. Pharmacokinetics of intravenous cefmetazole with emphasis on comparison between predicted theoretical levels in tissue and actual skin window fluid levels. Tan, J.S., Salstrom, S.J., Signs, S.A., Hoffman, H.E., File, T.M. Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. (1989) [Pubmed]
 
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