The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Characterization of the L lambda phase in trehalose-stabilized dry membranes by solid-state NMR and X-ray diffraction.

Solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy and X-ray powder diffraction were used to investigate the mechanism of trehalose ( TRE) stabilization of lipid bilayers. Calorimetric investigation of dry TRE-stabilized bilayers reveals a first-order phase transition (L kappa----L lambda) at temperatures similar to the L beta'----(P beta')----L alpha transition of hydrated lipid bilayers. X-ray diffraction studies show that dry mixtures of TRE and 1,2-dipalmitoyl-sn-phosphatidylcholine (DPPC) have a lamellar structure with excess crystalline TRE being present. The L kappa phase shows typical gel-phase X-ray diffraction patterns. In contrast, the L lambda-phase diffraction patterns indicate disordered hydrocarbon chains. 2H NMR of specifically 2H chain-labeled DPPC confirmed that the acyl chains are disordered in the L lambda phase over their entire lengths. 2H spectra of the choline headgroup show hindered molecular motions as compared to dry DPPC alone, and 13C spectra of the sn-2-carbonyl show rigid lattice powder patterns indicating very little motion at the headgroup and interfacial regions. Thus, the sugar interacts extensively with the hydrophilic regions of the lipid, from the choline and the phosphate moieties in the headgroup to the glycerol and carbonyls in the interfacial region. We postulate that the sugar and the lipid form an extensive hydrogen-bonded network with the sugar acting as a spacer to expand the distance between lipids in the bilayer. The fluidity of the hydrophobic region in the L lambda phase together with the bilayer stabilization at the headgroup contributes to membrane viability in anhydrobiotic organisms.[1]


  1. Characterization of the L lambda phase in trehalose-stabilized dry membranes by solid-state NMR and X-ray diffraction. Lee, C.W., Das Gupta, S.K., Mattai, J., Shipley, G.G., Abdel-Mageed, O.H., Makriyannis, A., Griffin, R.G. Biochemistry (1989) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities