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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Induction of cytochrome P-450 isozymes by chromanamine derivatives in rat liver.

1. Pretreatment of rats with 6-(3-picolyl)amino-2,2,5,8-tetramethylchromane (PATC) for 7 days resulted in a significant increase in the activities of benzphetamine N-demethylase, p-nitroanisole O-demethylase and aniline hydroxylase in liver microsomes prepared 24 h after the last treatment. 2. Analysis by Western blot showed that PATC induces cytochrome P-450 b, P-450 c and P-450 d, which are the major forms of cytochrome P-450 in liver microsomes of rats when pretreated with phenobarbital and 3-methylcholanthrene. 3. Exposure of liver sections to the antibodies to cytochrome P-450 b and P-450 c resulted in intense immunostaining within the centrilobular regions, but produced staining of considerably weaker intensity in the perilobular region. Semiquantitative immunochemical analysis, by image analyser, of cytochrome P-450 b and P-450 c showed that centrilobular hepatocytes were stained more intensively than perilobular hepatocytes. 4. These results indicate that PATC induces cytochromes P-450 b and P-450 c, in the centrilobular hepatocytes to a greater degree than those in the perilobular hepatocytes. 5. Co-administration of PATC with pentobarbital caused a significant increase in pentobarbital sleeping time. Furthermore, PATC was found to cause a decrease in the activity of benzphetamine N-demethylase in liver microsomes prepared 30 min after treatment with the drug.[1]


  1. Induction of cytochrome P-450 isozymes by chromanamine derivatives in rat liver. Tsukidate, K., Sagami, F., Horie, T., Fukuda, T., Kitada, M., Kanakubo, Y. Xenobiotica (1989) [Pubmed]
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