The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Studies on the leukotriene D4-metabolizing enzyme of rat leukocytes, which catalyzes the conversion of leukotriene D4 to leukotriene E4.

Leukotriene D4-metabolizing enzyme was studied using rat neutrophils, lymphocytes and macrophages. These leukocyte sonicates converted leukotriene D4 to leukotriene E4. However, the leukotriene D4-metabolizing activity varied with cell type, and macrophages showed the highest activity among these leukocytes. The subcellular localization of the leukotriene D4-metabolizing enzyme of macrophages was examined, and the leukotriene D4-metabolizing activity was found to be present in the membrane fraction, but not in the nuclear, granular and cytosol fractions. When macrophages were modified chemically with diazotized sulfanilic acid, a poorly permeant reagent which inactivates cell-surface enzymes selectively, the leukotriene D4-metabolizing activity of macrophages decreased significantly (about 95%) without any inhibition of marker enzymes of microsome, cytosol, lysosome and mitochondria. When neutrophils and lymphocytes were modified with diazotized sulfanilic acid, the leukotriene D4-metabolizing activity was also inhibited about 90% by the modification. Among various enzyme inhibitors used, o-phenanthroline, a metal chelator, remarkably inhibited the leukotriene D4-metabolizing activity of leukocytes, and the o-phenanthroline-inactivated enzyme activity was fully reactivated by Co2+ and Zn2+. These findings seem to indicate that rat neutrophils, lymphocytes and macrophages possess the leukotriene D4-metabolizing metalloenzyme which converts leukotriene D4 to leukotriene E4, on the cell surface, although macrophages have a higher enzyme activity than the other two.[1]

References

 
WikiGenes - Universities