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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

The mitogenic effect of 15- and 12-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid on endothelial cells may be mediated via diacylglycerol kinase inhibition.

15-Hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (15-HETE), a major lipoxygenase metabolite of arachidonic acid in fetal bovine aortic endothelial cells, was a mitogen for these cells, stimulating both cell proliferation and DNA synthesis in the presence of serum and serum-deprived cells. In [14C]arachidonic acid-labeled confluent endothelial cell monolayers, 15-HETE (30 microM) caused an elevation of [14C]diacylglycerol ( DAG) with a concomitant decrease in cellular [14C]phosphatidylinositol (PI) in both unstimulated and stimulated cells. 1-Oleoyl-2-acetylglycerol, a synthetic DAG analog, stimulated endothelial cell DNA synthesis in a concentration-dependent manner. In [3H]inositol-labeled cells, 15-HETE also caused a decrease in cellular PI content under both basal and stimulated conditions. 15-HETE, however, had no effect on either isolated phospholipase C activity or phosphoinositide turnover in lithium chloride-treated cells. In intact cells, 15-HETE (30 microM) inhibited the synthesis of [3H]PI from [3H]inositol (80% inhibition, p less than 0.001). In human red cell membranes, the production of phosphatidic acid from endogenous DAG was inhibited by 15-HETE in a concentration-dependent manner with an IC50 of 41 microM. Although 12-HETE had effects similar to those of 15-HETE, the parent compound arachidonic acid did not affect DNA synthesis or DAG kinase activity. Our study thus demonstrates that the mitogenic activity of 15- and 12-HETE on endothelial cells may be mediated via DAG kinase inhibition with the concomitant accumulation of cellular DAG.[1]


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