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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

The beta 1- and beta 2-adrenoceptor stimulatory effects of alprenolol, oxprenolol and pindolol: a study in the isolated right atrium and uterus of the rat.

The rat isolated right atrium (frequency response) and progesterone-treated rat uterus (relaxation) were used to examine the beta 1- and beta 2-adrenoceptor stimulatory effects of alprenolol, oxprenolol and pindolol. In addition, the beta 1-adrenoceptor stimulatory effect of practolol was studied in the right atrium. All the compounds studied caused a concentration-dependent increase in atrial frequency and relaxation of the uterus. The atrial response to pindolol was competitively inhibited by the beta 1-selective blocker pafenolol (10(-7) M), while the beta 2-selective blocker ICI 118551 (10(-8) M) was without effect. Pafenolol (10(-7) M) was also shown to inhibit the atrial frequency effect of alprenolol and oxprenolol. In the uterus, ICI 118551 (3 X 10(-9) M, 3 X 10(-8) M, 3 X 10(-7) M) blocked the pindolol effect with a pKB of 9.28. In addition, ICI 118551 (10(-8) M) competitively inhibited the relaxation of the uterus induced by alprenolol and oxprenolol. For alprenolol (right atrium and uterus), oxprenolol (right atrium), and pindolol (right atrium), the concentrations needed for half-maximal response were significantly greater than those required for occupation of half the receptors. This dissociation was most pronounced for pindolol in the right atrium. In this tissue, 80-85% of the beta 1-adrenoceptors had to be occupied by pindolol to initiate a tissue response corresponding to 50% of the maximal effect generated by the compound. The intrinsic activities of alprenolol, oxprenolol and pindolol (expressed as % of the maximal tissue response to isoprenaline) were significantly higher in the uterus than in the right atrium.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)[1]


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