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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Quantification of the importance of individual steps in the control of aromatic amino acid metabolism.

The quantitative importance of the individual steps of aromatic amino acid metabolism in rat liver was determined by calculation of the respective Control Coefficients (Strengths). The Control Coefficient of tryptophan 2,3-dioxygenase for tryptophan degradation was determined in a variety of physiological conditions and with a range of activities of tryptophan 2,3-dioxygenase. The Control Coefficient varied from 0.75 with basal enzyme activity to 0.25 after maximal induction of the enzyme by dexamethasone. The remainder of the control for tryptophan degradation was associated with the transport of the amino acid across the plasma membrane, with only very small contributions from kynureninase and kynurenine hydroxylase. The Control Coefficients of tyrosine aminotransferase for tyrosine degradation were approx. 0.70 and 0.20 with basal and dexamethasone-induced tyrosine aminotransferase activities respectively; the Control Coefficients of the transport of the amino acid into the cell were 0.22 and 0.58 respectively. Phenylalanine hydroxylase was found to have a Control Coefficient for the degradation of phenylalanine of approx. 0.50 under conditions of basal enzyme activity; after maximal activation by glucagon, the Control Coefficient decreased to 0.12. The transport of phenylalanine was responsible for the remaining control in the pathway. These results have important implications, directly for the regulation of aromatic amino acid metabolism in the liver, and indirectly for the regulation of neuroamine synthesis in the brain.[1]


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