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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Hormonal regulation of estrogen receptor messenger ribonucleic acid in T47Dco and MCF-7 breast cancer cells.

Using a combination of hormone-binding assays, immunologic techniques, and mRNA hybridizations we have measured the estrogen receptor (ER) content and studied the hormonal regulation of ER mRNA in one estrogen responsive and one estrogen unresponsive breast cancer cell line, MCF-7 and T47Dco, respectively. Estradiol binding could be detected in cytosol from MCF-7 cells but not in T47Dco cells. However, when measured by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, T47Dco cells were found to contain approximately 15 fmol ER/mg cytosolic protein or 10% of the ER content in MCF-7 cells. Immunologically reactive ER in T47Dco cells was indistinguishable in size (approximately equal to 68 KD) from the ER in MCF-7 cells, as shown by Western blotting using a monoclonal antihuman ER antibody. Quantification of ER mRNA in MCF-7 and T47Dco cells indicated that T47Dco cells contained approximately 50% of the ER mRNA levels found in MCF-7 cells. This basal level of ER mRNA in T47Dco cells was not decreased by estradiol treatment, as opposed to in MCF-7 cells where estradiol caused 40-60% decrease in the ER mRNA expression. Also, estradiol did not increase the progesterone receptor (PR) mRNA levels in T47Dco cells whereas in MCF-7 cells an approximately 5-fold increase of the PR mRNA levels occurred after estradiol treatment. However, incubation of the cells with the synthetic progestin R5020 decreased the ER mRNA levels to approximately the same degree in both cell lines. In conclusion, we have shown that estrogen down-regulates ER mRNA and up-regulates PR mRNA in MCF-7 cells. Neither of these estrogenic effects were seen in T47Dco cells. It appears that the steroid-resistance in T47Dco cells does not occur as a consequence of a complete absence of ER mRNA or protein.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)[1]


  1. Hormonal regulation of estrogen receptor messenger ribonucleic acid in T47Dco and MCF-7 breast cancer cells. Berkenstam, A., Glaumann, H., Martin, M., Gustafsson, J.A., Norstedt, G. Mol. Endocrinol. (1989) [Pubmed]
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