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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Phosphoinositides in mitogenesis: neomycin inhibits thrombin-stimulated phosphoinositide turnover and initiation of cell proliferation.

Thrombin stimulates 32Pi incorporation into phosphatidylinositol 4-phosphate (PIP), phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bis-phosphate (PIP2), and phosphatidylinositol (PI), and initiates DNA synthesis in hamster (NIL) fibroblasts at a half-maximal concentration of 125 ng/ml. Neomycin, which binds PIP2 and PIP, inhibits both thrombin-stimulated initiation of cell proliferation and 32P pI incorporation into at concentrations above 2 mM without affecting thrombin binding, thymidine uptake, or cellular protein synthesis. At lower concentrations, neomycin inhibits thrombin-stimulated release of inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3), by selectively binding PIP2, but does not inhibit 32P incorporation into PI or initiation of DNA synthesis. Phosphoinositide recycling and diacylglycerol release therefore appear necessary for initiation of cell proliferation by thrombin. IP3-stimulated Ca++ mobilization may not be required for thrombin mitogenesis, however, since neomycin can block IP3 release without inhibiting initiation.[1]


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