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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Virosome-mediated implantation of red cell band 3 into the plasma membrane of cultured hepatoma cells.

A method for implanting exogenous membrane proteins into recipient hepatoma cells is described. Red cell band 3 and Sendai virus envelope proteins HN and F were extracted from their respective sources and purified by centrifugation to equilibrium through sucrose step gradients in the presence of octyl-beta-D-glucopyranoside. 0.05-0.15 micron vesicles were formed by adding lipid to combined detergent solubilized, isolated membrane proteins and removing detergent by dialysis. The vesicles were hybrid band 3-Sendai envelope vesicles and not a mixture of two distinct vesicle types as judged by (1) the ability of Sendai specific antibody to immunoprecipitate greater than 99% of band 3 from vesicle suspensions and (2) comigration of band 3 and Sendai envelope proteins on isopyknic sucrose density gradients. The hybrid vesicles (virosomes) were not fusogenic but did bind to cultured hepatoma cells in the cold. Subsequent treatment of virosomes absorbed onto cultured cells with polyethylene glycol resulted in a stable association of 2-10% of added band 3 and Sendai envelope proteins with the cells. Efficient transfer of virosome-associated band 3 to the cells was dependent on both lipid and Sendai envelope proteins. Fluid phase marker transfer, immunofluorescence, and protease digestion experiments demonstrate that the majority of the virosomes were implanted into recipient hepatoma membranes and not simply adsorbed onto their surface or immediately endocytosed. The hybrid membrane protein-viral envelope vesicles thus offer an efficient means for insertion of foreign proteins into the membranes of recipient cultured cells.[1]


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