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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Characterization of a yeast nuclear gene (MST1) coding for the mitochondrial threonyl-tRNA1 synthetase.

The wild-type yeast nuclear gene MST1 complements mutants defective in mitochondrial protein synthesis. The gene has been sequenced and shown to code for a protein of 54,030 kDa. The predicted product of MST1 is 36% identical over its 462 residues to the Escherichia coli threonyl-tRNA synthetase. Amino-acylation of wild-type mitochondrial tRNAs with a mitochondrial extract from mst1 mutants fail to acylate tRNAThr1 (anticodon: 3'-GAU-5') but show normal acylation of tRNAThr2 (anticodon: 3'-UGU-5'). These data suggest the presence of two separate threonyl-tRNA synthetases in yeast mitochondria. Antibodies were prepared against a trpE/MST1 fusion protein containing the 321 residues from the amino-terminal region of the E. coli anthranilate synthetase and 118 residues of the mitochondrial threonyl-tRNA synthetase. Antibodies to the fusion protein detect a 50-55-kDa protein in wild type yeast mitochondria but not in mitochondria of a strain in which the chromosomal MST1 gene was replaced by a copy of the same gene disrupted by insertion of the yeast LEU2 gene. The ability of the mutant with the inactive MST1 gene to charge tRNAThr2 argues strongly for the existence of a second threonyl-tRNA synthetase gene.[1]


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