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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Mandibular growth and histologic changes in condylar cartilage of rats intoxicated with vitamin D3 or 1,25(OH)2D3 and pair-fed (undernourished) rats.

The mandibular condyles of 1,25(OH)2D3 or Vitamin D3 intoxicated rats were studied and compared with those of normal as well as pair-fed controls. Experimental animals were injected with either Vitamin D3 (2 mg/kg/day) or 1,25(OH)2D3 (400 ng/kg/day) for 19 days. Controls were given the solvent only, while pair-fed animals were restricted in their food intake for the same period of time, so that they exhibited a weight-curve similar to that of the experimental rats. The length of the mandibular ramus was measured in lateral radiographs of all mandibles. Demineralized coronal sections were obtained from all mandibular condyles and were stained with Mallory's connective tissue stain. The width of each zone within the condylar cartilage was measured. Experimental animals showed significant reduction in width of all layers within the condylar cartilage, with total lack of distinction between the maturation and hypertrophic zones. They also exhibited a significant retardation in growth of the mandible. Pair-fed animals had a normal width of the chondroprogenitor layer but significantly smaller maturation + hypertrophic zones (vs. controls). They also exhibited a significant retardation in mandibular growth but not to the same degree as did the intoxicated animals. Reduction in growth attributed to 1,25(OH)2D3 or Vitamin D3 intoxication is partly caused by undernutrition, which is a by-product of this condition. A further kinetic study is indicated to elucidate the mechanism of growth retardation and the differential effect on the various cartilage layers.[1]


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