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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Low central nervous system penetration of N2,N4,N6,-trihydroxymethyl-N2,N4,N6,-trimethylmelamine (Trimelamol): a cytotoxic s-triazine with reduced neurotoxicity.

Trimelamol (N2,N4,N6-trihydroxymethyl-N2,N4,N6-trimethylmelamine) is an analogue of pentamethylmelamine (PMM). In early clinical trials PMM failed to show significant anti-tumour activity in man which was attributed to poor metabolic activation. Trimelamol does not require activation and is therefore expected to be more active in man. PMM caused dose-limiting emesis and sedation whereas Trimelamol is much less neurotoxic in rodents. The relative penetration of PMM and Trimelamol into mouse brain has therefore been examined. Mice receiving PMM at 90 mg kg-1 i.p. were found to have high concentrations of the drug in the CNS compared to plasma (mean brain/plasma ratio 1.04) whereas animals receiving Trimelamol had consistently low CNS concentrations (mean brain/plasma ratio 0.08). This difference did not correlate with plasma protein binding which is greater for PMM (68.2%) than for Trimelamol (17.5%). However, it does appear to be related to lipophilicity. In Phase I clinical trial Trimelamol has proved much less emetic than PMM and causes no acute sedation. It is likely that this reduction in toxicity may be explained by the relatively poor ability of Trimelamol to enter the CNS.[1]


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