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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Studies on the tolerance of medium chain triglycerides in dogs.

Two groups of five conscious dogs received total parenteral nutrition (about 100 kcal/kg body weight per 24 hr) continuously for 96 hr (0.28 g triglycerides/kg body weight per hr, constituting more than 55% of the energy supply). The only difference between the two groups was the nature of the 20% lipid emulsion. In one group, this emulsion contained only long-chain triglycerides (LCTs), and in the other it contained a mixture (vol/vol) of medium chain triglycerides (MCTs) and LCTs. MCTs thus were given in an amount of about 30% of the total energy supplied. During infusion with the MCT/LCT mixture, C8, C10, and C12 fatty acids appeared in the total plasma fatty acids. When the infusion was stopped, the medium-chain fatty acids disappeared; those with shorter chains did so more rapidly. The plasma triglyceride clearance was faster for the MCT/LCT mixture than for the LCTs, whereas phospholipid and cholesterol clearance seemed slower for the MCT/LCT mixture. With this mixture, there was a slight increase in the plasma concentrations of ketone bodies, lactate, and pyruvate, and a slight decrease in plasma glucose. The MCT/LCT mixture was well tolerated, causing no discernible problems, and, in particular, no signs of narcosis or encephalopathy.[1]


  1. Studies on the tolerance of medium chain triglycerides in dogs. Grancher, D., Jean-Blain, C., Frey, A., Schirardin, H., Bach, A.C. JPEN. Journal of parenteral and enteral nutrition. (1987) [Pubmed]
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