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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

A novel in vivo transcription assay demonstrates the presence of globin-inducing trans-acting factors in uninduced murine erythroleukemia cells.

We report the development of a novel in vivo transcription assay for trans-acting factors regulating the human gamma- and beta-globin genes. A cDNA coding for the human tissue-type plasminogen activator ( t-PA) was inserted into the globin genes. Simian virus 40 small T-antigen splice and polyadenylation signals were included to produce a mature transcript coding for t-PA, whose activity can be detected in single cells by a fibrin-agarose plaque assay. Stable murine L-cell transfectants of the gamma.t-PA and beta.t-PA hybrid genes were fused to various cell lines to show that t-PA expression is increased specifically by erythroid MEL, HEL, and K562 cell fusion. The analogous H-2Kb.t-PA construct was not inducible under the same conditions. Interestingly, uninduced MEL cells increased beta.t-PA expression to the same extent as induced MEL cells. Chemiosmotic permeabilization of the beta-globin tester cell line and exposure to nuclear extracts were used to assay for trans-acting factors capable of stimulating beta.t-PA expression. Such factors were shown to be present in the nuclei of uninduced MEL cells.[1]


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