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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

DNA sequence of the Acinetobacter calcoaceticus catechol 1,2-dioxygenase I structural gene catA: evidence for evolutionary divergence of intradiol dioxygenases by acquisition of DNA sequence repetitions.

The DNA sequence of a 1.6-kilobase-pair SalI-KpnI Acinetobacter calcoaceticus restriction fragment carrying catA, the structural gene for catechol 1,2-dioxygenase I, was determined. The 933-nucleotide gene encodes a protein product with a deduced molecular weight of 34,351. The similarly sized Pseudomonas clcA gene encodes catechol 1,2-dioxygenase II, an enzyme with relatively broad substrate specificity and relatively low catalytic efficiency. Comparison of the catA and clcA sequences demonstrated their common ancestry and suggested that acquisitions of direct and inverted sequence repetitions of 6 to 10 base pairs were frequent events in their evolutionary divergence. The catechol 1,2-dioxygenases proved to be evolutionarily homologous with the alpha and beta subunits of Pseudomonas protocatechuate 3,4-dioxygenase, and analysis of conserved residues in the intradiol dioxygenases revealed conserved histidyl and tyrosyl residues that are probably involved in the ligation of ferric ion in their active sites.[1]


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