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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Site-directed mutants of a soluble form of penicillin-binding protein 5 from Escherichia coli and their catalytic properties.

Soluble, truncated mutant and wild-type forms of penicillin-binding protein 5 (sPBP 5) from Escherichia coli were produced in large amounts by placing the dacA gene that encodes PBP 5 under the control of the trp-lac fusion promoter. The 3' end of the dacA gene used in this study contains a stop codon that results in the deletion of 15 amino acids from the carboxyl terminus and the production of a soluble protein. Using oligonucleotide-directed mutagenesis, the role of cysteine 115 in the mechanism of sPBP 5 was investigated. Alkylation of cysteine 115 with sulfhydryl reagents has previously been shown to inhibit severely the D-alanine carboxypeptidase activity of PBP 5. Alkylation also inhibits the hydrolysis of bound penicillin G, with only a slight effect on its binding. Cysteine 115 in sPBP 5 was changed to either a serine (sPBP 5C-S) or an alanine (sPBP 5C-A) residue. The wild-type and mutant sPBPs were purified in milligram amounts from induced cultures by ampicillin affinity chromatography. The mutant PBPs showed only a 2-fold increase in the half-life of the penicilloyl-PBP complex, and had a binding affinity for penicillin G identical to wild-type PBP 5. The Km for the release of D-alanine from the peptide L-Ala-D-gamma-Glu-L-Lys-D-Ala-D-Ala was 5.0, 3.5, and 7.8 mM for PBP 5, PBP 5C-S, and PBP 5C-A, respectively, while the values for Vmax were 2.5, 3.3, and 5.1 mumol/min/mg. From these data it was concluded that the cysteine residue does not directly participate in the enzymatic mechanism.[1]


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