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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

A probe for the mutagenic activity of the carcinogen 4-aminobiphenyl: synthesis and characterization of an M13mp10 genome containing the major carcinogen-DNA adduct at a unique site.

The duplex genome of Escherichia coli virus M13mp10 was modified at a unique site to contain N-(deoxyguanosin-8-yl)-4-aminobiphenyl (dG8-ABP), the major carcinogen-DNA adduct of the human bladder carcinogen 4-aminobiphenyl. A tetradeoxynucleotide containing a single dG8-ABP residue was synthesized by reacting 5'-d(TpGpCpA)-3' with N-acetoxy-N-(trifluoracetyl)-4-aminobiphenyl, followed by high-performance liquid chromatography purification of the principal reaction product 5'-d(TpG8-ABPpCpA)-3' (yield 15-30%). Characterization by fast atom bombardment mass spectrometry confirmed the structure as an intact 4-aminobiphenyl-modified tetranucleotide, while 1H nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy established the site of substitution and the existence of ring stacking between the carcinogen residue and DNA bases. Both 5'-d(TpG8-ABPpCpA)-3' and 5'-d(TpGpCpA)-3' were 5'-phosphorylated by use of bacteriophage T4 polynucleotide kinase and were incorporated into a four-base gap uniquely positioned in the center of the recognition site for the restriction endonuclease PstI, in an otherwise duplex genome of M13mp10. In the case of the adducted tetranucleotide, dG8-ABP was located in the minus strand at genome position 6270. Experiments in which the tetranucleotides were 5' end labeled with [32P]phosphate revealed the following: the adducted oligomer, when incubated in a 1000-fold molar excess in the presence of T4 DNA ligase and ATP, was found to be incorporated into the gapped DNA molecules with an efficiency of approximately 30%, as compared to the unadducted d(pTpGpCpA), which was incorporated with 60% ligation efficiency; radioactivity from the 5' end of each tetranucleotide was physically mapped to a restriction fragment that contained the PstI site and represented 0.2% of the genome; the presence of the lesion within the PstI recognition site inhibited the ability of PstI to cleave the genome at this site; in genomes in which ligation occurred, T4 DNA ligase was capable of covalently joining both modified and unmodified tetranucleotides to the gapped structures on both the 5' and the 3' ends with at least 90% efficiency. Evidence also is presented showing that the dG8-ABP-modified tetranucleotide was stable to the conditions of the recombinant DNA techniques used to insert it into the viral genome.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)[1]


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