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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Vitreous fluorescein accumulation determined by in vivo fluorophotometry and by vitreous extraction in normal and diabetic rats.

Vitreous fluorophotometry was performed on pigmented male rats (Piebald strain) 2 weeks after induction of diabetes by streptozotocin. In vivo fluorophotometry data were compared with measurements obtained by direct extraction of the vitreous 60 min after an intravenous injection of sodium fluorescein. In addition, the rate of fluorescein disappearance from blood plasma, plasma protein binding of fluorescein and the effect of insulin treatment of diabetic animals were investigated. Age-matched nondiabetic animals served as controls. In vivo fluorophotometric measurements showed a good correlation with fluorescein determinations after direct extraction of the vitreous. Vitreous fluorescein concentrations were similar in diabetic and normal rats and were strongly related to the dye plasma levels within each group of animals. In the diabetic rats, however, the elimination of plasma fluorescein was accelerated and the percentage of free fluorescein, as determined by ultrafiltration and equilibrium dialysis, was consistently higher (130-150% of controls). The ratios of vitreous to total or free plasma fluorescein levels were elevated in diabetic rats. Experimental data indicate that plasma concentration of free fluorescein is crucial for vitreous dye accumulation. Insulin treatment of diabetic rats markedly improved their metabolic state and normalized the plasma fluorescein elimination and the vitreous to plasma fluorescein concentration ratios. It is concluded that vitreous fluorophotometry can be adequately applied to pigmented rats, provided that plasma fluorescein elimination rate and protein binding are considered in the interpretation of the results, since both influence the vitreous fluorescein accumulation and both may be altered by disease and drug treatment.[1]


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