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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Distribution of glutamate dehydrogenase and glutamine synthetase activity in the sheep and chicken digestive tract.

Glutamate dehydrogenase (GLDH, EC 1.4.1.3) and glutamine synthetase ( GS, EC 6.3.1.2) activity were determined in the contents and tissues of the various parts of the sheep and chicken digestive tract, GLDH activity in the tissues of the sheep omasum, duodenum, rumen, reticulum, colon, caecum, jejunum and ileum ranged from 3.25+/-0.7 U (mumol/g dry weight . min) to 5.94+/-2.28 U; in the abomasum it was 9.67+/-1.27 U. GLDH activity in the contents of the ileum, abomasum, jejunum and duodenum varied from 0.85+/-0.19 U to 3.29+/-0.53 U and in the colon, caecum, reticulum, omasum and rumen from 6.34+/-2.64 U to 16.96+/-3.83 U. GS activity in the tissues of these parts of the digestive tract varied from 2.8+/-0.59 U to 8.6+/-1.4 U and their contents from 2.49+/-0.85 U to 10.76+/-2 U. GS activity in the contents of the colon was very low (0.26+/-0.07 U). In the tissues of the chicken duodenum, caecum, jejunum and ileum we found GLDH activity of 4.68+/-1.64 U to 7.96+/-1.73 U; in their contents it was 3.31+/-1.06 U to 3.8+/-0.73, but in the caecum it attained up to 66.7+/-24.3 U. GS activity was high from 57.6+/-2.0 U to 231+/-84 U in the tissues and 357+/-53 U to 383+/-76 U in the contents (in the caecum up to 2,500+/-233 U). The results show that conditions for the utilization of ammonia are present in the tissues and the contents in the whole of the sheep and chicken digestive apparatus. The hypothesis is confirmed that the different ability of ruminants and fowls to utilize ammonia formed from urea added to their feed, including ammonia formed by hydrolysis of blood urea, is due to the different GLDH and GS activity in their digestive tract as well as in their liver.[1]

References

  1. Distribution of glutamate dehydrogenase and glutamine synthetase activity in the sheep and chicken digestive tract. Holovská, K., Lenártová, V., Havassy, I. Physiologia Bohemoslovaca. (1979) [Pubmed]
 
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