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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Synthesis and antitumor activity of certain 3-beta-D-ribofuranosyl-1,2,4-triazolo[3,4-f]-1,2,4-triazines related to formycin prepared via ring closure of a 1,2,4-triazine precursor.

Several 3-beta-D-ribofuranosyl-1,2,4-triazolo[3,4-f]-1,2,4-triazines related to formycin were prepared and tested for their antitumor activity in cell culture. Dehydrative coupling of 3-amino-6-hydrazino-1,2,4-triazin-5(4H)-one (5) with 3,4,6-tri-O-benzoyl-2,5-anhydro-D-allonic acid (6a) and further ring closure of the reaction product (7) provided 6-amino-3-(2,3,5-tri-O-benzoyl-beta-D-ribofuranosyl)-1,2,4-triazolo[3,4- f]-1,2,4-triazin-8(7H)-one (8). Condensation of 5 with 3,4,6-tri-O-benzoyl-2,5-anhydro-D-allonic acid chloride (6b), followed by ring annulation, also gave 8 in good yield. Debenzoylation of 8 furnished the guanosine analogue 6-amino-3-beta-D-ribofuranosyl-1,2,4-triazolo[3,4-f]-1,2,4-triazin -8(7H)-one (4b). Thiation of 8 with P2S5, followed by debenzoylation of the thiated product (11a), afforded 6-amino-3-beta-D-ribofuranosyl-1,2,4-triazolo[3,4-f]-1,2,4-triazin -8(7H)- thione (11b). Methylation of the sodium salt of 11a gave the 8-methylthio derivative (10), which on ammonolysis furnished 6,8-diamino-3-beta-D-ribofuranosyl-1,2,4-triazolo[3,4-f]-1,2,4-triazine (9). Diazotization of 10 with tert-butyl nitrite (TBN) and SbCl3 in 1,2-dichloroethane gave the corresponding 6-chloro derivative (12a). Reaction of 10 with TBN in THF in the absence of a halogen source gave 8-(methylthio)-3-(2,3,5-tri-O-benzoyl-beta-D-ribofuranosyl)-1,2,4- triazolo[3,4-f]-1,2,4-triazine (12b). Ammonolysis of 12b gave the azaformycin A analogue 8-amino-3-beta-D-ribofuranosyl-1,2,4- triazolo[3,4-f]-1,2,4-triazine (3), which on deamination afforded 3-beta-D-ribofuranosyl-1,2,4-triazolo[3,4- f]-1,2,4-triazin-8(7H)-one (4a). The azaformycin A analogue (3) showed pronounced inhibitory effects against L1210, WIL2, and CCRF-CEM cell lines with ID50 values ranging from 5.0 to 7.3 microM.[1]


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