The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Clinical pharmacology and toxicity of 4'-O-tetrahydropyranyladriamycin.

The clinical pharmacology and toxicity of a novel anthracycline derivative, 4'-O-tetrahydropyranyladriamycin (THP-adriamycin), was investigated in patients with advanced malignant diseases. The starting dose was 30 mg/m2 which was escalated by increments of 10 mg/m2. Twelve patients with a median age of 42 (range, 19-69) years and a median Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance score of 2 (range, 1-2) were entered into the study. The diagnoses included four testicular cancers, two breast cancers, two small cell lung cancers, two acute myeloid leukemias, one colon cancer, and one hemangiosarcoma. THP-adriamycin was given as an i.v. bolus injection every 3 weeks. Evaluable were 18 courses for general toxicity, 16 courses for hematological toxicity, and 16 courses for pharmacokinetics. THP-adriamycin had a short initial half-life of 1.4 +/- 0.3 min (mean +/- SD) due to rapid cellular uptake. Peak concentrations in unseparated blood cells were reached 5 min after drug injection and remained higher than in plasma throughout the observation period of 72 h. The half-lives of THP-adriamycin in plasma were 19 +/- 2.8 min in an intermediate and 13 +/- 1.6 h in the terminal phase. A linear correlation was observed between the dose and the areas under the concentration curves for THP-adriamycin in plasma (r2 = 0.97) and blood cells (r2 = 0.99). The volume of distribution was 2124 +/- 221 liters/m2 and the total clearance rate 115 +/- 11 liters/m2h. THP-adriamycin was metabolized to Adriamycin, THP-adriamycinol, and adriamycinol. The major metabolite was Adriamycin with a terminal half-life in plasma of 33 +/- 10 h. The area under the curve of Adriamycin was also correlated to the administered dose (r2 = 0.96). Since excessive peak concentrations of Adriamycin were avoided, the treatment with THP-adriamycin might be an alternative to continuous infusions or weekly administrations. The maximum tolerated dose was 70 mg/m2, and the dose-limiting toxicities were leukopenia and thrombocytopenia. Anemia, nausea, and vomiting were mild to moderate, and no other toxicity was observed. All side effects were dose dependent and reversible. In a patient with breast cancer, a disease stabilization was achieved lasting for 9 weeks. No objective remission was observed. We suggest 60 mg/m2 in pretreated or poor risk and 70 mg/m2 in untreated or good risk patients every 3 weeks for further clinical trials.[1]


  1. Clinical pharmacology and toxicity of 4'-O-tetrahydropyranyladriamycin. Miller, A.A., Schmidt, C.G. Cancer Res. (1987) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities