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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Acute stimulation by glucocorticoids of gluconeogenesis from lactate/pyruvate in isolated hepatocytes from normal and adrenalectomized rats.

Dexamethasone stimulated gluconeogenesis from lactate/pyruvate in suspensions of hepatocytes isolated from both adrenalectomized and normal fasted rats. This stimulation was observed in incubations with 1 mM pyruvate and at a lactate/pyruvate ratio of 25 but not at a ratio of 10-13. At a lactate/pyruvate ratio of 10-13, the stimulation by dexamethasone was progressively enhanced as the pyruvate concentration was decreased to 0.25 mM. Concurrent administration of a maximally stimulating concentration of dexamethasone with angiotensin II or glucagon yielded an additive stimulation at all concentrations of the peptide hormones tested. No potentiating or permissive actions of acute glucocorticoid administration were observed using hepatocytes from either normal or adrenalectomized animals. The acute stimulation by dexamethasone was antagonized by prior addition of progesterone or cortexolone to the hepatocyte suspensions. Triamcinolone and corticosterone also stimulated gluconeogenesis. Concentrations of the active glucocorticoids needed to elicit half-maximal stimulations (Kact) were approximately 100 nM for dexamethasone and triamcinolone and 400 nM for corticosterone. Deoxycorticosterone, 17 alpha-methyltestosterone, and 5 beta-dihydrocortisol did not stimulate. Stimulation of gluconeogenesis by dexamethasone was seen following a lag averaging 9 min after the time of steroid addition. Preliminary evidence suggests that this effect was not dependent upon a stimulation of protein synthesis, but the observed stimulation and inhibition of control rates of gluconeogenesis by cycloheximide and cordycepin, respectively, demonstrate the difficulties of working with such inhibitors in attempting to answer this question.[1]


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