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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Purification and characterization of a human kidney neutral endopeptidase that hydrolyzes succinyl trialanine-4-nitroanilide and biologically active peptides.

An enzyme hydrolyzing succinyl trialanine-4-nitroanilide was extracted from human kidney homogenate and purified by means of gel filtration on Sepharose CL-4B, anion-exchange chromatography on DEAE-Sepharose CL-6B and affinity chromatography on carbobenzoxy-L-Ala-L-Ala-D-Ala-polylysine-agarose. The purified enzyme consists of a single peptide, and its molecular weight was estimated to be about 125 000 by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. The purified enzyme cleaved the substrate at the bond between succinyl dialanine and alanine-4-nitroanilide and showed a Km value of 2.1 mM at the optimal pH of 8. 0. The activity was increased by Ca2+ and Mg2+, but was inhibited by phosphoramidon and ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid. The enzyme cleaved the oxydized insulin B chain, angiotensinogen tetradecapeptide, angiotensin I, angiotensin II, angiotensin III, [Sar1,Ala8]-angiotensin II, bradykinin, des-Pro2-bradykinin, Leu5-enkephalin, Met 5-enkephalin, [D-Ala2,Met5]-enkephalinamide and [D-Ala2-Met5]-enkephalin, but did not cleave [D-Ala2,D-Leu5]-enkephalin. The bonds on the amino side of the hydrophobic amino acids of the peptides were cleaved by the enzyme.[1]


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