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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

H-2 histocompatibility region influences the inhibition of arachidonic acid cascade by dexamethasone and phenytoin in mouse embryonic palates.

We have reported that susceptibility to glucocorticoid- and phenytoin-induced cleft palate and glucocorticoid receptor levels in mice are influenced by the H-2 histocompatibility complex on chromosome 17. Phenytoin competes with glucocorticoids for the glucocorticoid receptor and inhibits production of prostaglandins and thromboxanes. In this paper, we have investigated whether glucocorticoids and phenytoin inhibit arachidonic acid release and prostaglandin biosynthesis directly in the embryonic palates and whether the H-2 gene complex influences the degree of inhibition. Using congenic strains varying only in the H-2 region, we demonstrate here that both glucocorticoids and phenytoin inhibit the release of 3H-arachidonic acid and prostaglandin biosynthesis from embryonic palatal tissue, prelabeled with 3H-arachidonic acid. The degree of inhibition of arachidonic acid release and of prostaglandin biosynthesis is greater in the strain with H-2a (A/Wy) than in its corresponding congenic partner H-2b (A.BY). Thus, these results provide further evidence for a similar genetic and biochemical pathway for the teratogenic action of both phenytoin and glucocorticoids.[1]


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