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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Hydroxylaminolysis of penicillin binding componenets is enzymatically catalyzed.

The hydroxylaminolysis of the penicilloyl moiety from [14C]penicillin G binding component (PBC) complexes of the Bacillus subtilis D-alanine carboxypeptidase and of the mixture of PBC's of Staphylococcus aureus was inhibited by denaturation of the complexes by heat (55 degrees), detergent (1% sodium dodecyl sulfate), or trichloroacetic acid. The kinetics of inhibition by denaturation were comparable to those of the inhibition of [14C]penicillin G binding to the PBC's and of carboxypeptidase activity of the B. subtilis enzyme under identical denaturing conditions. These data establish that the hydroxylaminolysis is an enzymatically catalyzed process suggesting that penicillin G is bound to an enzymatically active site. Treatment of the denatured [14C]penicillin G-carboxypeptidase complex with sodium borohydride or at pH 12 resulted in the release of the penicilloyl moiety. These results are consistent with a carboxylic ester bond for the penicilloyl-PBC instead of a thiolester linkage as was initially presumed.[1]


  1. Hydroxylaminolysis of penicillin binding componenets is enzymatically catalyzed. Kozarich, J.W., Nishino, T., Willoughby, E., Strominger, J.L. J. Biol. Chem. (1977) [Pubmed]
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