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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Sister chromatid exchanges in human leukocyte chromosomes: spontaneous and induced frequencies in early- and late-proliferating cells in vitro.

Human leukocyte cultures were pulse-treated with the trifunctional alkylating mutagen trenimon in a final concentration of 10(-7) M for 15--20 h after culture start, i.e., in the G1 phase of the cell cycle. At 24 h after culture start bromodeoxyuridine (BUdR) was added to the trenimon-treated cultures and to several untreated cultures running in parallel. The series treated with BUdR only and the series treated with BUdR+trenimon were each used to prepare two cultures at different culture times. Mitoses were collected during consecutive intervals of 12 h from 30 h up to 102 h after culture initiation by colcemid. For all preparation times (42 h, 54 h, 66 h, 78 h, 90 h, and 102 h) the frequencies of first, second, and third and further mitoses were determined in the BUdR- and in the BUdR+trenimon-treated series. In the trenimon-treated series a clear cell cycle delay was detected as compared with the normal distribution of different types of mitoses found in series treated with BUdR only. Spontaneous and trenimon-induced sister chromatid exchange (SCE) frequencies were determined in second mitoses occurring at 66 h, 78 h, 90 h, and 102 h after culture start. For all these preparation times about six SCE per metaphase were consistently found in BUdR-treated, and about 19 SCE per metaphase in BUdR+-trenimon-treated series, indicating a homogeneous sensitivity of early- and late-proliferating cells with respect to the induction of SCE.[1]


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