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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Recurrent hypoglycemia associated with glutaric aciduria type II in an adult.

Repeated episodes of hypoglycemia accompanied by elevated serum concentrations of free fatty acid without ketosis, fatty infiltration of the liver, hepatic dysfunction, and proximal myopathy in a 19-year-old woman, prompted us to analyze her urine for organic acids. Greatly increased quantities of glutaric acid, ethylmalonic acid, dicarboxylic acids with six to 10 carbons, and isovalerylglycine were consistently found in her urine. The ability of cultured skin fibroblasts from the patient to oxidize [1(-14)C]butyrate and [2(-14)C]lysine was reduced. These urinary and in vitro findings indicated defective activity of several acyl coenzyme A dehydrogenases, including glutaryl, isovaleryl, and butyryl coenzyme A dehydrogenases -- establishing a diagnosis of glutaric aciduria Type II. Carnitine concentrations in the skeletal muscle and liver were moderately reduced, but carnitine deficiency was considered a secondary biochemical abnormality. Although glutaric aciduria Type II has previously been described only in a neonate, the disease must be considered in the differential diagnosis of hypoglycemia in adults.[1]


  1. Recurrent hypoglycemia associated with glutaric aciduria type II in an adult. Dusheiko, G., Kew, M.C., Joffe, B.I., Lewin, J.R., Mantagos, S., Tanaka, K. N. Engl. J. Med. (1979) [Pubmed]
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