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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Retinoids increase transglutaminase activity and inhibit ornithine decarboxylase activity in Chinese hamster ovary cells and in melanoma cells stimulated to differentiate.

Transglutaminase (TGase; R-glutaminyl-peptide:amine gamma-glutamyltransferase, EC and ornithine decarboxylase (ODCase; L-ornithine carboxy-lyase, EC activities were measured after the addition of retinoid analogs to Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells released from quiescence and Cloudman S91 (CCL 53.1) mouse melanoma cells stimulated to differentiate with alpha-melanocyte-stimulating hormone (MSH, melanotropin). In both cell culture lines, we detected a biphasic increase in TGase activity and a single peak of ODCase activity within 7 hr after release or stimulation. Retinoid analogs altered the expression of the initial TGase peak in both CHO and melanoma cells. Retinol increased the activity of TGase 1 hr after release in CHO cells, and the activity remained elevated until hr 4. A broad peak of TGase activity also occurred after the addition of alpha-difluoromethylornithine, an irreversible inhibitor of ODCase, and after addition of alpha-difluoromethylornithine plus retinol. In mouse melanoma cells, retinoic acid plus MSH markedly enhanced the activity of the initial TGase peak compared to MSH alone. Retinoic acid alone also increased TGase activity biphasically in these cells without the addition of MSH. These studies suggest that retinoid effects that increase TGase activity may alter the ODCase expression in proliferation and differentiation.[1]


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