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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

alpha-Amylase inhibitor from fungus Cladosporium herbarum F-828.

A strain of fungus Cladosporium herbarum extracellularly produced an inhibitor specific for mammalian alpha-amylase. The inhibitor was purified 81-fold by freeze-thawing, heat treatment, and column chromatography on DEAE-cellulose, Sephadex G-75, DEAE-Sephacel, and Bio-Gel P-100. An apparent molecular weight of approximately 18,000 was estimated for the inhibitor using Bio-Gel P-100 filtration. The purified inhibitor preparation was a glycoprotein containing about 10% carbohydrate. The amino acid analysis of the inhibitor showed abundances of Gly, Asp, Glu, Ser, Ala, and Thr residues. The inhibitor was stable between pH 5 and 12 at 4 degrees C, and below 80 degrees C at pH 7. 0. A binary complex formation out of equimolar amounts of the inhibitor and alpha-amylase, was demonstrated by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, and Bio-Gel P-100 chromatography. Kinetic studies exhibited that the inhibitor noncompetitively inhibited the enzyme reaction with a Ki value of 2.3 approximately 4.8 x 10(-10) M, by combining with the enzyme molecule at a different site from the substrate binding site.[1]


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