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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Adenosinetriphosphatase site stoichiometry in sarcoplasmic reticulum vesicles and purified enzyme.

The stoichiometry of phosphorylation (catalytic) sites in sarcoplasmic reticulum vesicles ( SRV ) and SR ATPase purified by differential solubilization with deoxycholate was found to be 4.77 +/- 0.4 and 6.05 +/- 0.18 nmol/mg of protein, respectively, when phosphorylation was carried out under conditions permitting 32P labeling of nearly all sites. Assuming that each site corresponds to a single 115K ATPase chain, the observed site stoichiometry accounts only for 55% and 70% of the total protein. Failure to obtain higher phosphorylation levels was due to the presence of nonspecific protein contaminants in SRV or to the presence of inactive aggregates in the ATPase purified with deoxycholate. This was demonstrated by dissolving SRV and purified ATPase with lithium dodecyl sulfate, subjecting them to molecular sieve HPLC, and collecting the elution fractions for determination of protein, measurement of 32P-labeled sites, and electrophoretic analysis. In fact, in the specific elution peak containing the 115K ATPase chains, phosphorylation levels were 6.62 +/- 0.33 and 7.03 +/- 0.18 in SRV and purified ATPase, corresponding to 68% and 86% of the protein in the specific elution peak. An alternate purification method was then developed, based on solubilization of SRV with dodecyl octaethylene glycol monoether ( C12E8 ), separation of delipidated ATPase by anion-exchange chromatography, and enzyme reactivation with phosphatidylcholine. This preparation yields 7.3 +/- 0.44 nmol of phosphorylation site/mg of protein of the SRV fraction before HPLC.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)[1]


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