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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Stimulation of the respiratory burst in human neutrophils by crystal phagocytosis.

Exposure to monosodium urate crystals (MSU) stimulated the respiratory burst of human neutrophils as measured by increased O2 consumption and the generation of superoxide radicals (O(2)). From the comparison of data derived from nitroblue tetrazolium and cytochrome C reduction (two methods of detecting O(2) release), it appears tht O(2) production in response to MSU may be compartmentalized, i.e., occur predominantly in the intracellular space. After exposure to MSU, neutrophils from patients with chronic granulomatous disease lost viability at the normal rate; thus products of the respiratory burst are not likely to be responsible for cell death.[1]


  1. Stimulation of the respiratory burst in human neutrophils by crystal phagocytosis. Simchowitz, L., Atkinson, J.P., Spilberg, I. Arthritis Rheum. (1982) [Pubmed]
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